NATURAL STONE SPECIFICATIONS
All stone is pre-inspected for shade.
Customers must be forewarned that we will not accept any claims or
returns due to shade or veining. This
is a natural product and variation is both unavoidable and desirable. The natural stone
tiles should never be hand selected to better
Shade variation is a 3 on our 1-4 scale, there
is distinct variation in the background color.
• Stone is rectified and honed leaving a
surface that is even but can be slippery in the presence of moisture.
Coefficient of friction varies widely from piece to piece.
• Stone is suitable for residential and
light commercial installations.
• Stone is soft. It chips easily and wears easily. High traffic areas will show evidence of wear, although the
color naturally goes all the way through the tile.
• Stone must be sealed regularly to prevent
staining, especially in wet areas. We will not recommend a particular
sealer. This is up to the installer.
• Standard field tiles can be installed with or
without a grout joint.
• Modular patterns should be installed without a
NATURAL STONE MAINTENANCE
Toinsure your natural stone products will provide you with a lifetime of aesthetics and utility, proper maintenance is crucial. Natural Stone products are porous by nature and require a different maintenance
program than traditional ceramic tile.
Sealing is strongly recommended for newly installed marble and other natural
stone to provide maximum below surface stain protection. Be careful to
select a high quality sealer to protect your natural stone.
non-sanded grout is strongly recommended for natural stone installations
due to the narrow grout joints customarily preferred. This type of grout
has very fine particles of cement, polymers, and color pigments that can
penetrate the microscopic pores of the stone surface where they become
trapped and appear as a stain in the stone. Therefore, all travertine,
slate, tumbled stone, and honed/flamed/unpolished granite should be
sealed prior to the grouting process to protect them from staining. The
application of a good quality sealer should be used as a pre-grout
sealer and applied again as the final sealing process once the
installation is finished.
A premium natural look penetrating/impregnating sealer is the normal
choice on polished or honed marble, limestone, granite, or where the
natural color of a slate is desired. A stone enhancer sealer is often
used on tumbled, antique stones, or on slate where a darker, enriched or
highlighted character is desired. When choosing either one of these two
types of sealers, make sure the brand you have chosen is formulated to
provide maximum stain protection for stone products. Stone products
should be tested periodically to insure that the sealer is working
Penetrating/impregnating stone sealers are a no-sheen, natural look
sealer that can be water-based or solvent-based, good for interior and
exterior applications. Most quality sealers of this type are rated to
protect the stone a minimum of 10 years.
Stone enhancer sealers are also a no-sheen, penetrating/impregnating
sealer that is formulated to darken, enrich, and highlight the natural
color and beauty of tumbled, antique, or slate products. They will
rejuvenate and improve the appearance of worn and weathered stone.
However, they will also darken the color of grout joints. They are,
generally, suitable for interior and exterior use, and rated to protect
the stone a minimum of 3 years.
A stone floor finish should be applied to a polished natural stone floor
only. This type of product will help enhance the shine and provide a
protective coating for "soft" or polished marbles. Verify the
finish is a wax-type finish designed to add luster and enhance the
beauty of sealed and polished natural stone only. A topical finish may
change the appearance and performance of your stone, so always test a
small area first. Application of topical sealer or wax should never be
done as an attempt to add a shine to a honed, scratched, or non-polished
stone product. This will only create a maintenance and/or slip
resistance problem. Consult the manufacturer of any surface-altering
products for more detailed information about the impact of its specific
product on safety, maintenance, or appearance of your stone. [ Top ]
ROUTINE STONE CARE
stone requires a different maintenance routine than traditional,
man-made ceramic tile. Many of the cleaners acceptable for use on
ceramic tile can stain, damage, or dull stone. Dirt and dust will
scratch the surface of stone. Therefore, stone floors should be vacuumed
or dust mopped frequently to remove abrasive agents from the stone
surface. Natural stone should be cleaned with neutral cleaners. Stone
cleaners should never contain acid or bleach. Acids, even a light
solution of vinegar and water, will etch and eventually damage natural
care products only use cleaners specifically designed for stone.) These
cleaners contain no acids and are concentrated neutral pH cleaners that
will not affect existing sealers or wax-type coatings. A solution of the
cleaner and water mixed to manufacturer instructions should be applied
to the tile surface with a sponge or mop. On walls, kitchen counters, or
vanity tops, a spray bottle can be used to apply the cleaning solution.
Allow sitting for manufacturers specified amount of time (usually 3 to 5
minutes). Agitate with a sponge, synthetic mop, soft bristle brush, or
through the use of a floor-scrubbing machine. Mop up dirty solution and
Once the stone has been cleaned, you can periodically apply a Spray-Buff
wax-type floor finish to enhance the beauty and luster of polished stone
(including countertops). Apply the finish with spray applicator and buff
immediately with a white nylon pad. Reapply as often as needed,
depending on volume of surface traffic and consistency of routine
maintenance program. This product is not designed to restore the
original shine, but is intended to maintain and protect the original
shine. [ Top ]
HEAVY DUTY STONE CLEANING
stone areas have been neglected, you will need to use a heavy-duty stone
cleaner and degreaser to effectively remove dirt, grease, grime, waxes,
and floor finishes. These cleaning products are concentrated and
designed to deep clean the stone without damaging it.
the solution of the cleaner and water mix per manufacturer instructions
to the stone surface with a sponge or mop. Allow to stand for
manufacturer-specified amount of time. Agitate with a sponge, synthetic
mop, soft bristle brush, or through the use of a floor-scrubbing
machine. Mop up dirty solution and buff dry. Be sure to change out the
cleaning solution every 100 square feet to avoid reintroducing dirty
water during the cleaning process. Rinse thoroughly with clean water
when finished. After cleaning you may apply the Spray-Buff wax-type
floor finish to enhance the natural shine. [ Top ]
Poultice will remove stains and grout haze from stone. Poultice is a
fine, non-acidic, absorptive clay cleaning powder that removes deep-set
oil stains, grease and light cementious grout haze from polished and
unpolished natural stone. CAUTION: Poultice may dull the shine of the
polished stone. If this occurs you will need to use a marble polish to
restore the natural shine. [ Top ]
If a polished marble has become dull, scratched or etched, you can
restore the natural shine through the use of a marble polish. Some
marble polishes are available in kits. The process can be enhanced with
the use of floor buffing machines. The process is generally a
re-crystallization process to remove fine scratches and restore the
original shine and polish to the stone. This is not an application of a
topical sealer or wax to cover-up damaged or worn surfaces. [ Top ]
does not manufacture installation products or tile cleaning/maintenance
products. STONEXPRESS provides the information contained herein to its
customers as an information source only. The products identified in this
document may have chemicals that cause reactions in certain individuals.
STONEXPRESS strongly recommends the use of safety glasses, respirators
(masks) and gloves in handling any materials that contain chemicals. .
STONEXPRESS, in keeping with its Healthy Planet objectives, recommends
the proper disposal of any scrap tile/stone, installation and/or
maintenance products discussed herein. Lease contact the manufacturer
directly, PRIOR to usage, to obtain proper handling instructions,
application instructions and warning concerning potential health hazards
for any product contemplated for use. . STONEXPRESS also strongly
recommends that you ALWAYS test a small area PRIOR to usage of any
installation/tile/cleaning/maintenance product to determine whether the
product you are about to apply serves its intended purpose.
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